Telangiectasia is the technical term for small, widened blood vessels on the skin, commonly called spider veins. While they’re usually benign, they have been associated with diseases and can cause significant problems if they begin to bleed.

Causes of Spider Veins

These small discolorations and swollen veins are the result of weak or damaged valves in the vein itself. Blood is unable to move through the vein and pools, causing the discoloration. Age causes these to naturally appear, but other causes include:

  • Alcohol use
  • Genetics
  • Pregnancy
  • Sun exposure

Spider veins are, for the most part, merely cosmetically unappealing. They can be associated with skin ulcers, phlebitis (inflammation of the vein caused by blood clots) and thrombosis (also caused by blood clots.)

Treatment of Spider Veins

Scleroptherapy is often used for treatment of spider veins, but when they’re in the face, they involve exceptionally tiny capillaries. This makes the method of treatment difficult and is one reason laser treatments are recommended for facial spider veins. Escin may be prescribed—a derivative of the ripe seed of the horse chestnut tree—for a treatment as it has been shown effective in treatment of spider veins.

Facial spider veins are largely a cosmetic issue and not often associated with an actual risk to health, but there’s no reason to suffer them. UNM Vein & Cosmetic Center has treatment for spider veins available. Contact us today and learn how you can have spider veins removed before the cosmetic problem becomes a medical issue.


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